**Category:**

Research Papers

**Sub-Category:**

Relativity Theory

**Date Published:**

September 11, 2021

**Keywords:**

new gravitational formula, expansion theory of universe

**Abstract:**

By using space-time rings, we establish a new mathematical theory of space-time with the coexistence of subluminal and superluminal speeds [1,12]. By using a new method, we derive a new gravitational theory without the equivalence principle in which tardyonic rotational motion produces a centrigugal force, while tachyonic rotational motion produces a centripetal force, which is here identified as gravity. We derive a new cosmological model without dark matter, dark energy, and gravitational waves. The theory of everything results to have two forces, the subluminal force (electromagnetism and weak force), and superluminal force (gravity and strong force).

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